Diabetic Foot Care

Good foot care is an essential part of diabetes management.

 

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Diabetic Foot Care

Over time, diabetes can damage the nerves and blood vessels to your feet which can result in loss of sensation in the feet, poor circulation and poor healing. Poor foot care in someone with diabetes, especially those who have diabetes with poor circulation or neuropathy, can lead to infection, ulceration, hospitalization and, in severe cases, amputation. Good foot care is an essential part of diabetes management.

Proper Foot Care

  • Wash your feet with mild soap regularly and dry them well afterward. Make sure to dry between the toes well.
  • Apply skin lotion to any dry or cracking areas. Do not apply lotion between your toes.
  • Check your feet daily. The tops and the bottoms of your feet. If you are unable to bend to see the bottom of your feet or have poor vision, have someone else look at them for you. Look for any dry or cracked areas, scratches, cuts or other sores, check for redness or tenderness when an area is touched and look for corns, calluses and ingrown toenails.
  • We recommend you see a podiatrist for your toenail care. However, if you have good circulation, do not have neuropathy and your diabetes is under control, your toenails should be trimmed straight across and a nail file may used to smooth them. Do not cut into the corners.
  • Never go barefoot. Do not wear shoes with high heels or pointed toes. When possible avoid shoes that leave your toes unprotected. Look and feel inside your shoes before putting them on to look for rough areas or for anything that may have gotten in the shoe. New shoes should not be worn more than an hour at a time and slowly increase wear. Feet should be checked when new shoes removed. Your doctor may recommend diabetic shoes. Change socks daily.
  • If you develop a sore or injure your foot, contact your doctor. Do not treat sores, ingrown toenails or corns and calluses yourself. These should be treated by a podiatrist. The sooner these are treated the less likely you are to develop further problems.